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Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

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A prostate, in general, is a tiny gland located in the lower abdomen (pelvis) in men that is near the bladder. A rectal exam conducted digitally can examine the glad. A type of cancer called prostate cancer forms in the prostate gland. That’s the reason one must know prostate cancer symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

There is a possibility of both in a prostate, i.e., malignant (cancer) and benign (non-cancerous).

About Malignant growths, i.e., prostate cancer:

  • It can be a threat to life.
  • It can quickly spread to nearby tissues and other organs (including the bladder/ rectum).
  • It can even spread to other parts of the body (such as bones, lymph nodes).
  • It can be destroyed, but there are chances of it growing back.

About Benign Growths, BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia):

  • They are hardly a threat to life.
  • They don’t attack the nearby tissues or spread to other parts of the body around them.
  • It can be eliminated and even grow back automatically, rather slowly (but typically, there are chances that they don’t grow back).

Prostate cancer cells can spread when the prostate tumor bursts out. These cells pass via blood vessels and lymph nodes to reach different parts of the body. Once these are scattered in other parts, they get attached to other tissues and attack them by forming new tumors.


Early prostate cancer rarely has any symptoms. Though the symptoms occur, then these are the same as a BPH or a prostate that has grown over time. However, it is possible that prostate cancer produces symptoms that are not associated with BPH. You must consult a doctor if you experience any urinary problems.

Prostate cancer symptoms include:

  • Slight pain in the low pelvic region
  • Bloody urine (Hematuria)
  • Urinating quite often
  • Pain or burning while urinating, any trouble while urinating, etc.
  • Backache, hip pain, or painful upper thighs
  • Appetite loss
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Weight loss


There is no known cause of how and why prostate cancer occurs. A recent study of autopsy reveals that men who are over 50 in age show 1 out of the 3 subjects produced some cancer cells in their prostate.

Indeed, the majority of them are small and are non-harmful tumors. Though prostate cancer does not have any such specific cause, still several risks are associated with it.


Some cancers grow so slowly in the body that treatment may not be required at all. On the contrary, others spread too fast and can be even life-threatening, that the treatment is usually necessitated.

It is challenging to know about prostate cancer symptoms and then determine which treatment to get. It is best to consult with doctors to learn more and get the best treatment available. these treatment plans will be based on:

  • The stage of cancer (TNM stage and Gleason score).
  • Cancer Risk category (Determining what level it is at low, intermediate, or high).
  • Health and age of the patient.

By taking the diagnosis test, expert doctors can help you provide a better diagnosis and let you understand more about cancer. After the diagnosis test, if found on time, can they confirm that the cancer is treatable, the available options, and the chances of recurring even after the treatment.

Before deciding what you should do, it is essential to consider the immediate and long-term side effects of treatment that can affect your life. Also, you should also think about all the other options you can consider that are in your range.


If prostate cancer screening detects an abnormality, your doctor may recommend additional tests to determine whether you have the disease.