Health

What are the different types of arthritis?

Arthritis refers to the group of diseases and conditions that impair the functionality of the joints. These conditions affect not just the joint, but also the peripheral tissue, exacerbating the condition.

Arthritis mainly causes inflammation in the joints, that then leads to pain and subsequent mobility issues. Although it is more common in older people, generally those aged 65 and above, it is certainly not exclusive to them. People from all age groups, even children, can develop arthritis.

The pain from this debilitating condition in it of itself is a great inconvenience. However, it also makes physical activity and everyday tasks a challenge for the patients. Chronic pain also leads to mental health issues, that are exacerbated by the lack of movement in one or more joints.

Treatment options include medication, physiotherapy, weight loss, assistance aids etc., but the precise treatment will be regulated by patient’s Rheumatologist in Lahore, as it is contingent of the type of arthritis.

There are more than 200 types of arthritis, but few salient ones include:

Osteoarthritis

Also known as degenerative arthritis, this condition happens to be the most common type of arthritis. In this condition, the cartilage breaks down, causing the joints to rub together. This not only causes wear and tear of the joints, but the friction also contributes to the inflammation of the joints.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis include soreness of the joints, coordination problems and stiff joints in the morning.

OA results in pain, injury and bone spur formation. OA occurs mostly in the hip, hand and knee joints. This progressive disease, in extreme cases, can prevent from the joint to move at all.

Treatment of OA is aimed at improving symptoms, as the condition is chronic.

Lupus

An autoimmune disorder, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) afflicts not just the joints in the body but also other organs, like the skin, lungs, kidneys, thereby making it a serious disease.

Lupus exhibits symptoms that include fatigue, fever, discomfort, air loss, sores in the mouth, chest pain, appearance of rash on the body and swelling in the lymph nodes.

A chronic and progressive disease, lupus can be managed better by timely medical intervention.

Gout

This condition occurs when the uric acid crystals settle into the joints, resulting in intense pain. Gout usually affects the big toe, but it also can strike the ankles, elbows, fingers and wrists.

Gout occurs when the kidneys are not functioning properly, leading to the accumulation of uric acid in the body. It is also a consequence of production of greater quantities of uric acid by the body or consumption of food that escalate uric acid levels in the body.

Symptoms of gout include inflammation and redness of the joint, mobility issue, discomfort.

Rheumatoid arthritis

RA is an autoimmune disease. In it, immune system attacks the healthy cells in the body, resulting in inflammation across different areas of the body. However, RA usually affects joints in body.

Rheumatoid arthritis basically causes inflammation in the lining of the joints, which then damages the connective tissue of the joints. Since multiple joints are attacked at a time, RA is particularly painful. Most commonly, joints of the hands, wrists and knees get under siege.

Alongside pain, RA leads to balance problems and deformity as well. Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis causes stiffness and tenderness in the joints, weight loss, fever, weakness, fatigue and fever as well.

The treatment for RA includes medicines aimed at improving the symptoms of the disease and preventing deformities. Patients also need to take up self-care practices, as dictated by the Rheumatologist in Karachi.

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