Buying used turbos may appear like a good deal at the moment, but they may turn out to be more expensive than you expect. There are many factors that may cause concealed damage in the engine, such as excessive wear, foreign objects ingested, debris from damaged engine parts, overheating/overboost damage, and others. You may not be able to detect the damage without disassembling and thoroughly inspecting the product. But how do you select the best turbo? Continue reading the post to learn about the factors to consider when selecting turbos.
How Do You Select the Best Turbos?
Valve positioners are commonly mounted on the yolks or top casings of linear control valves. Rotary valve positioners are typically installed on the top or side of the valve and actuator stems. The installation is determined by the type of actuator utilised.
Uneven Bore Wobble
Another thing to consider is that after a turbocharger has been on a car for a few hundred thousand miles, the wastegate port and shaft have probably opened a few million times and are beginning to wobble unevenly. As a result, the cut in the bore there has oscillated and taken the shape of an egg. Usually, there isn’t much of a problem, but if it completely closes and there is still a lift on the wastegate port, there isn’t much you can do with the housing, and you have to sort of press the bushing out and weld in a new one, or at least a new shaft.
Look for Surge Issues
Another item to consider is surge issues. Overboost might have caused the surge, or the wheel could have failed due to a combination of factors. The lock nut on this one popped off and sucked back in. Little pockmarks may be seen on the interior of the bore. The wheel is tearing everything up as it bounces back and forth. If you’re lucky, you might be able to salvage this; most of the time, when the lock nut comes out, all of the thrust compartments no longer have any load, so they all stretch out, and you start running into the turbine wheel striking the housing and things like that. So, if the accommodations are still in excellent shape, you might be able to restore it with a cartridge, but you’ll need to take a closer look.
Setting a Reasonable Goal
If your engine now produces 400 horsepower, it’s logical to suppose you’d prefer to raise it to 600. If your engine now generates 200 horsepower, you may want to improve it to 600 horsepower. This, however, appears to be quite impracticable. You should expect to acquire around 50% more horsepower by installing a turbocharger in your engine. While a 300 per cent increase in horsepower from 200 to 600 is theoretically achievable, it would take many more modifications than a turbocharger. You’d also need to fine-tune all of the adjustments, so they all work together.
Selecting the Right Compressor
The most critical aspect of turbocharger sizing, and the most frequently overlooked, is selecting the proper compressor. Size does not matter here; efficiency does. Look for something that will pump the most air into your engine’s cylinders while being as efficient as feasible; you’ll need to examine a potential turbo’s compressor map to confirm any of this. Most turbo manufacturers give these graphs and charts, which greatly simplify the process of selecting the proper compressor. Before you start reading a turbo’s compressor map like you’re an expert, you need to be aware of two factors: your engine’s projected boost pressure ratio and its airflow rate.